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Beader’s dictionary


C

CABOCHON (See products)

The term cabochon refers to any polished material (stone, glass, plastic, etc.), cut in cabochon; in other words, it has no facets. A cabochon has no holes. Its shape can be oval, round or square with rounded corners. The simple cabochon has a convex surface (the top one) and a flat surface (the lower one), while a double cabochon is provided with two curved surfaces, one of which is more pronounced than the other. For fashion jewelry, cabochons are often glued on a basic ring, earrings or on a pendant ring to make a necklace.

CALIPER

Tool used to measure beads, stones and any other small objects. It is equipped with two flat tips. The object to be measured is placed in between the two tips. The fixed part indicates where to take the measure whereas the sliding part is calibrated and serves as a ruler. Calipers use the metrical system but also offers imperial measurements. Calipers can be manual or electronic (battery operated). The latter allowing for an easier and faster reading.

CAMEO

A cameo is a low-relief glyptic art carving technique (art of stone carving in relief or intaglio). This technique is used on materials made of layers of colors. The sculptor must carve while taking into account the different layers of color and depth to play with so that the various colors are positioned in the right places. Cameos representations are often found as a bust of an influential political, cultural or religious character. Hence, the term "cameo" also refers to the resulting object of the carving. The most popular stratified materials that are used are onyx, banded agate, sardonyx, carnelian-onyx, chalcedony, the shell from layered seashells and glass. Sometimes, the color differences are exacerbated by dye. White strata, as they are very compact, do not stain, unlike the softer strata. Stone cameos are very expensive, thus they were replicated in materials such as shells, glass, coral or lava. Today, we also find imitations made of various other materials. A little bit of history: The cameo was very fashionable in Classical Antiquity then forgotten and resurfaced during Renaissance as Napoleon was an avid cameo collector and he instituted a special school to promote the engraving of stones.

CARNELIAN (See products)

Carnelian is a gemstone of the chalcedony family. It can be translucent to opaque and its color ranges from reddish brown to reddish orange. Its color is due to the presence of iron oxides and is similar to the pulp of the dogwood’s fruit (a reddish type of berry). It is often mistaken with the dyed agate. This gemstone is naturally prevalent in India, Brazil and Uruguay.

CASTING RESIN (See products)

Resin is a heat-hardening plastic made from resin and a hardener. When these two components are mixed, resin hardens and its reversibility is impossible. There are many different types of resin.

Polyester resin has a liquid and extremely slimy aspect. It is translucent and is abundantly used for jewelry making and decorating accessories.

Polyurethane resin sets really fast. It is very robust and is mainly used in factory made products.

Epoxy resin is flexible and translucent and can be used like a varnish. It is commonly used in jewelry because it can be sanded, polished and frosted and dyed.

Acrylic resin is mostly used to make sets or for decors. It is a resin used for architectural reproductions. It is also used for important casting projects and it does not shrink when it hardens.

Casting resin is the result of mixing resin with a hardening agent. The dosage and the mix of the two components are very important steps that directly affect the setting of the resin. This resin can be mixed with (flat-headed) wooden stirrers in disposable graduated plastic cups. Resin is translucent and transparent but dyes and pigments can be added during preparation to add color. Once all the components are well mixed, the resin must be cast in a chosen recipient. The setting time varies between 12 to 48 hours. There are different brands of resin, it is thus important to read the instructions inside the package really well before starting your project. Unused resin can be kept for up to 6 months after the jars have been opened. It is not recommended to expose it to direct sunlight.

Glazing resin helps add relief to flat surfaces and it does not require molds unlike the casting resin. Its drying time is about 6 hours (surface) and it fully dries after 12 hours.

CAT-EYE

The term Cat-eye refers to the chatoyant reflection caused by the reflection of the light on parallel fibers, needles or channels in the stone. The most common stone that has this particular effect is the chrysoberyl. There is also a synthetic way to replicate this effect in glass.

CELL PHONE (MOBILE) DECORATION

Ornament used to personalize mobiles. Some models are decorative and some other must be inserted around the area of the headphone jack. Others are equipped with a cord and a connector on which it is possible to attach different types of charms. For the latter, the mobile must have a small loop. This loop is often very discreet and is found on the sides of the phone.

CERAMIC (See products)

General term that refers to materials such as terra cotta, stoneware, earthenware and porcelain.

CHAIN (See products)

A chain is made with rings or links assembled together or intertwined successionally. In jewelry making, chains are very versatile. They can be worn as a bracelet, a necklace, a belt or an ankle bracelet to which charms, pendants and bead sections can be added. Chains are also used as extensions (extension chain) or as a safety mechanism (safety chain) when placed on both of the clasp’s side. Chains come in various models, dimensions, forms, colors and materials, the most popular one being metal whether precious or not. Welded chain links strengthen the chain, offer a more comfortable wear and a nicer finishing touch.

Anchor chain (See products)

This chain’s design is inspired from anchor chains. Its link are oval, have a side to side bar in the middle. The links are inserted one in the other without rings to link them. A variant of this chain is the puffed mariner chain or coffee bean chain. This variant has a “chubby” oval link with two holes at its extremities. Unlike the first, the links of this chain are linked by rings. Variant: flat

Ball chain (See products)

Chain made of small emptied beads, connected by small little sticks with spherical ends hidden inside the beads (this allows for a full rotation). The beads can be round or oval and at times alternate in these two shapes. This chain generally requires a clasp or a customized connector.

Breguet chain (See products)

The breguet chain is made of double rings mounted onto two links in two others. The inks are round and made with round wires.

Cable chain (See products)

The cable chain is one of the most widespread model. It consists of round or oval links, made with round or flat (rectangular) strings.

Crystal link chain (See products)

The crystal links chain is as its name indicates, a chain made of links onto which are added crystals, there are several different kinds. It usually is a link made or not of precious metal, in its center is a crystal bead or a set crystal (box set or claw set). Some are also made with crystals mounted on eye pins. These links can be bound together in different manners. The links with eyelets are usually bound by thin rings (welded or not). For the claw set links (shaped as concave cubes in which there are small little crystal bezels), the articulation has a thin metal tab equipped with a little bar on each side. Each cube is equipped with a small slit (on both side) in which the tab slides. The longest part of the tab remains in the cube. It can then move but can not get out. These chains are available in several colors and metals as wells as various crystal colors and finishes.

Curb chain (See products)

The curb chain is made with flattened ring that were twisted to provide the chain with a flat aspect. The links can be round or oval. The particularity of the curb chain is that when put on a flat surface, it remains flat.

European style chain (See products)

The term “European style” is often used to designate different products similar to products from the Pandora brand. European style chains are tubular and often used with large hole beads, to create European style bracelets. It can be a snake style chain or a chain made with interlocked links that provides it with a cord-like aspect. They are also silver color plated or made of sterling silver or stainless steel.

Extender chain (See products)

Piece of chain that measures approximately 5 cm that we install at the end of the jewelry piece (opposite from the clasp). This piece is used to allow for a longer or shorter length to your piece of jewelry. This type of finish requires a clasp that can be fixed on a chain ring: usually a spring clasp. The extension chains can be bought as is, they come in several colors, or they can be made from chain or rings.

Fabric chain (See products)

Fabric chains are made with malleable links, covered with textile, such as nylon or fabric. It often consists of a cable chain but could also be of a different shape. What characterizes this chain is the vast array of colors if which it is available and its lightness.

Fancy chain (See products)

A fancy chain can take many forms. It can have links of various circumferences, include elements such as gemstones or pieces of metal, the links can be shaped differently (hearts, starts etc.). This chain can replicate another chain’s aspect in a non traditional manner and much more. There is no specific criteria to define a fashion chain other than the fact that it is not a traditional chain model.

Figaro chain (See products)

The Figaro chain is made with curb chain links. However, it is characterized by the alternation of its links shapes. The most widespread model is the one made with three round rings followed by an oval one. This type of chain became popular when the famous opera "The Marriage of Figaro" (also known as The day of Madness) came out, thus the name Figaro. This chain is also known as alternating curb chain, bevel, fancy.

Flexible snake chain (See products)

The flexible snake chain is not actually a chain, as it is not made with intertwined links. This type of chain is actually made with a succession of metal bead caps (small roundish cones) that are strung one after the other on a cord, which confers it the appearance of a small flexible tube. The tension created on the bead caps, provides it with the tubular aspect. For example, this effect is obtained when the cord ends’ are tied together very tightly. The cord remains invisible, since it remains at the center of the tube. To use only one part, you can cut the cord that is inside using cutter pliers inserted between two bead caps. You can then re-string a “chain” segment on a support, such as nylon covered steel string (tigertail) or copper wire. For a successful effect, the key is to tighten adequately to compress the bead caps against each other.

Prince of Wales chain (See products)

The Prince of Wales chain gives the impression of a chain within another. it is made of rounded or oval links that are mounted in each other with a slight shift. This provides the chain with a twisted aspect. Each link ties four others that can be welded or not.

Rhinestones chain (See products)

The Rhinestones chain, is a chain made with (or without precious) metal claw set links. They are shaped as small concave cubes in which are added and set rhinestones bezels. The articulation of this type of chain has a thin metal tab equipped with a little bar on each side. Each cube is equipped with a small slit (on both side) in which the tab slides. The longest part of the tab remains in the cube. It can then move but can not get out. These chains are available in several colors and metals as wells as various colors and Rhinestones finishings.

Rolo chain (See products)

The Rolo chain (also known as "Jaseron chain"), is a chain with round links. Its name is derived from Al-Djazaïr (Algiers, Algeria), where chainmails were from during the Middle Ages. Since the term Jaseron means chainmail, any chain made with this technique (made with enameled interlocked links) has this designation. Today the Jaseron chain often refers to a chain made of semi-round or rectangular string links.

Rope chain (See products)

Chain made of small oval links assembled (not soldered) in dense swirls, thus creating the effect of a spiral-like cord. Also known as diamond cut, triple rope or french rope.

Singapore chain (See products)

The singapore chain links are tied as to created tendrils. Even flat, this chain has a natural curve. It is also known as a twisted curb chain.

Snail chain (See products)

The chain made from "Railroad" links is made with elongated links that look like interlocked spirals. The links are made with round strings and sometimes they are even slightly hammered, It is also known as "snail chain".

Snake chain (See products)

This chain is assembled so tightly and flexibly that it gives it a sinuous snake-like appearance from which its name is derived. This chain is solid and available in many different diameters, from the smallest to the largest and in round, oval or flat shapes. This chain is more expensive because of the amount of material used and its time consuming fabrication process.

Stick bar chain (See products)

The stick bar chain is made with metal links shaped as little sticks, linked together. The links can be linked by rings or directly linked together.

Venetian box chain (See products)

Chain made with cubic links, made from flat strings and then assembled one in the other. This chain’s appellation is derived from its box-like cubic links. Its links assembly gives it an even, robust and elegant simple aspect. It is also known as square box, long box, or double venetian chain.

CHAINMAIL

A chainmail is a succession of very simple rings that interlock in a more or less large and complex design depending on the design (byzantine style, etc.). It can be used to make bracelets, necklaces and pendants of various sizes. During the Middle Ages, iron or copper rings were welded to improve shock resistance. Nowadays, the chainmail used to make fashion jewelry is made with aluminum, copper or sterling silver rings or rings made of various metal alloys, which makes it easier to work with and more versatile in terms of colors and weight. A little bit of history: Although mostly associated to the Middle Ages (where they were used under the armor as protection), archeologist have found some chainmails that date of 5 centuries BC. The chainmail is said to be of celtic origin and its use would have spread when roman invaded Wales.

CHALCEDONY (See products)

The term chalcedony designates all varieties of quartz and microcrystalline and cryptocrystalline. It includes agate, carnelian, jasper, onyx and other varieties of quartz. However, the term chalcedony is often used to denote the common chalcedony sensu stricto. It can have a milky appearance and be transparent, and bluish white-grey. It can be dyed as it is porous. It can be found in Brazil, the United States, India, Madagascar, Namibia, Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe. A little bit of history: The name comes from the Greek "Karchêdôn", an ancient transit city on the Bosphorus (Istanbul strait). Roman and Egyptian used it in cameos, seals and amulets. Today, it is often found in the form of a cabochon, as beads, rings or artifacts. In the Neolithic period, chalcedony was used to make tools.

CHANNEL FINDING (See products)

Channel findings are pieces of metal that are furrowed, they look like small frames. The grooves serve as a partition to insert beads previously strung on a string. Of various shapes, the pieces can be rectangular or round, with one or more grooves. As these pieces are pierced from one side to the other, they can be integrated to some of your creations as a bead, a link or a grooved pendant.

CHARM (See products)

In the jewelry world, the term charm refers to a small object with a ring or loop for it to be attached to a chain, a connector or wire, in order to hang it as decoration. Often considered lucky, they come in an endless variety of shapes (heart, animals, cross, flower, etc.) and materials, although they are often made of metal.

CHATELAINE

A chatelaine is a decorative element or a piece of jewelry that was very popular from the XVIIth century to the XIXth century. Its primary purpose is to hold a watch from the waist down. The chatelaine had a belt hook, a hanging chain, decorative plates, a watch and charms.

CHATON (See products)

The term “chaton” can designate several things: 1- A type of ring “head” : upper part of a ring that is not a part of the body meant to receive a stone that must be set. It is equipped with claws that can fold on the stone to set it. Also called : bezel, prong setting, claw setting. If a similar element is put on another jewelry piece such as an earring, the element will also be referred to as a “chaton” or bezel . 2- A shape : in slang, the french term “chaton” can also designate a small round stone of which the pavilion is pointy and is destined to be set on a bezel.

CHEW BEAD (See products)

Chew beads are silicone beads that allow creating jewelry safe for babies to chew on! These chew beads are soft on baby’s gums and teeth and can be chewed and washed without being damaged. Made from food quality silicone, these chew beads are certified BPA-free, phthalate-free, lead-free and cadmium-free! Perfect for mums and tots!

CHIPS

Chips are small uneven pieces of materials, pierced to make beads. These materials can be gemstones, cat’s eye seashells, coral, amber or glass.

CHRYSOBERYL

The chrysoberyl or gold beryl is a gemstone that can be found in a transparent to opaque range, in the shades of gold yellow, golden green, brownish green and red. It actually is a beryllium and aluminum oxide with traces of iron and chrome. The most prized varieties are the alexandrite and the cat-eye chrysoberyl. The principal sources of these minerals are found in Brazil, Sri Lanka, the United States of America, Madagascar, Russia and Zimbabwe. A little bit of history: the chrysoberyl hope is quite famous, it is a green chrysoberyl of 45 carats.

CITRINE

Citrine is a glassy yellow to brown colored gemstone of the quartz family. It actually is a silicon dioxide (silica). Its yellowish color is due to the presence of a very small amount of iron oxides in the mineral. Its name is derived from the lemon of which she shares the yellowish shade. Natural citrines are rare. Most of them originate from Brazil, the United States, Madagascar, Argentina, Myanmar, Scotland, Spain, Namibia and Russia.

CLASPS (See products)

Clasps devices that close a necklace or a bracelet. Clasps are categorized as findings. A clasp is usually made of two parts placed on both ends of the jewelry piece. There are different models and they are differentiated by their fixation mechanism.

Fish hook clasp (See products)

The fish hook clasp is part of the family of pawl clasp. It’s made with a box equipped with small rods on the sides and has a hook notched in a “U” shape. The hook is inserted in the box by sliding it between the rods. The end of the hook then exits from where it was entered. Once inserted, the rods block the hook due to the notches and they prevent it from coming out. To open the clasp, simply pinch both extremities of the hook, one end towards the other and remove it from the box.

Hook and eye clasp (See products)

This clasp has two parts. Depending on the model, one part is shaped as a hook and the other part is usually a simple ring. Simply insert the hook into the ring to close the clasp.

Magnetic clasp (See products)

Magnetic clasps are made with two magnets glued to the inside of a piece often made of metal. Simply separate them to open the clasp or put them back together to close it. Some are equipped with eyelets in order to add a single or multirow jewelry piece. Others only have one hole, in which a knot or a crimp bead has to be slid in to block the clasp and fix it to the piece. It’s a very easy clasp to use, however it’s not the most secure one as it can open quite easily depending on the strength of the magnets.

Pawl clasp (See products)

This clasp is made with a small box that can be of various shapes and that is often decorated. This box is slot on one side. The other side has a pawl, which has a flap that forms a sharp angle that enables a spring effect. When the pawl is inserted in the box’s slot, it engages and doesn’t come out. A peg that can be lowered is put on the pawl and enables it to open the clasp.

Screwable clasp (See products)

This clasp has two parts that are screwed together. You need both of your hands to open or close it which is why it’s usually used for necklaces rather than bracelets.

S-hook clasp (See products)

This clasp has two parts. One part is shaped as the letter “S” and the other part is simply a ring. Generally the S’ loops are opened to allow it to be inserted in the ring that makes the other part of the clasp.

Slide lock magnetic clasp (See products)

This clasp is composed of two tubes equipped with magnets on their opposing ends that can be slid in each other. On each of the tubes’ sides, two to nine rings can be found, they allow the fixing of rows on a jewelry piece. This clasp is ideal for multirow necklaces or bracelets. It’s a connector and a clasp all at once, thus taking less space and being more discreet.

Springing clasp (See products)

This clasp has a spring operated by a small latch positioned on its side. Some are round others are shaped as carabiners, they are also called lobster claw or crab claw clasps. It’s commonly used for bracelets and necklaces.

Toggle clasp (See products)

Also called “T” clasp or stick clasp, the toggle clasp is made with a ring and a “T” shaped rod. The rod is slightly longer than the diameter of the ring. To open or close the clasp, simply tip the rod in or out of the ring. This clasp is often integrated to jewelry designs and becomes a practical and ornamental element of the piece.

Zamak clasp (See products)

The zamak clasp is a type of clasp that is large enough and often used with leather strips. The tips of the clasp are hollowed and allow for gluing strips of leather or cords, which offers a clean and easy finish to set. Some clasps are equipped with a fastening mechanism that folds over the leather strip, strengthening it. Its name is derived from the alloy of zinc, aluminum and magnesium that compose it.

CLAY CONDITIONNING MACHINE (See products)

Tool that evens and flattens polymer clay. It is equipped with a handle that actions rollers and a clamp that fixes the machine to a working area. This allows for 6 adjustments between 0.2 mm and 2.2 mm of thickness. It is an ideal tool to make uniform plates of different thickness and to allow for an easy color gradation.

CLAY EXTRUDER (See products)

Tool that helps create coils out of polymer clay. Just like a syringe, this tool is equipped with a barrel tube (in which the clay is put) a plunger (to push the clay) and a nut (19 interchangeable disks that allows the creations of a multitude of shapes) that is fixed at the end of the barrel. Simply fix the desired shape’s nut into place and fill up to 2/3 of the barrel with clay (so you can exert an even amount of pressure) and lastly, push the clay out of the barrel using the plunger.

CLAY SOFTENER (See products)

Transparent liquid that softens the polymer clay in order to better knead it, use it moderately. It’s better to gradually pour it while kneading the clay until it has the desired consistency. It is also great to erase fingerprints that are left while handling the clay. Warning, the clay’s color might loose some of its shine after applying this liquid.

CLOISONNE

“Cloisonne” is a technique used to make enameled jewelry. The piece that are made using this technique are called “cloisonne”, “cloisonne” beads are handmade by talented artisans. This technique is achieved by creating a “shape” with closespace “cloison” to receive the enamel. The bead’s base onto which are welded “cloison” are made of copper. The “cloison” are small wires or small brass bands that create the outer shape of the “motif”. Then liquid enamel is applied and cooked up to three times to create a “motif” with vivid colors and perfectly enameled. The bead is then polished and the “cloison” are gold or silver plated. A little bit of history: This technique goes back to the 2nd millennium B-C.

COMB

Combs are feminine ornaments with tight, fine teeth. They are used to maintain a hairstyle in place. A comb consists of a frame with teeth and a gallery (decorative portion) of various widths and heights. A comb has to be slightly curved to properly fit the shape of the head. A comb can be made of metal, plastic, tortoiseshell, horn, etc.

COMPLEMENTARY COLORS

Complementary colors are opposed on the chromatic scale (for example, magenta and green, violet and yellow, orange and cyan). When mixing cold colors and warm colors, the end result is very contrasted, bold and attracts the eye.

CONNECTOR (See products)

A connector is a finding used for fashion jewelry. Often a piece made of metal used as a link between several elements of a jewelry piece they are very useful to obtain an impeccable finish touch. Some are only practical and others are also decorative.

“U” shape (See products)

The “U” shape connector as its names hints, is a connector shaped as the letter “U”. Made of metal, it is mainly used to finish strings, cords, feathers, ribbons and other soft materials. Its sides fold over, one over the other on the middle part. Thus, effectively caging the materials inside. This type of connector is also available in several colors and sizes. The loop is used to bind the connector to the piece of jewelry.

Cord connector (See products)

Cord connectors allow several cords to be gathered or to add a nice finishing touch to tie a cord to another part of the jewel. The connector, as much as possible, should have the same interior diameter as the element that will be added. There are various types: Spring connectors are used mainly for cords but can be used with a group of strings, feathers or other flexible and circular materials. To install a cord connector, simply screw in or crush the last twist of the spring on the element using flat-nosed pliers, doing so will imprison it in the connector. Double cord connectors are connectors that are shaped as the number “3” or the letter “C”. The double cord connector is a connector that is used to place two cords of the same size side by side. To install it, simply insert the two cords in the connector’s loop(s) and fold the sides on the cords using flat nosed pliers. Some connectors to "dop" for cords have tube-shaped. The snake connector is a finding accessory and is very useful to gather several rows of string or cords. It is called a “snake connector” because it can also be used for the snake chain or the European style chain. Simply add a drop of glue inside of the connector then, slide the cord(s) in.

Crimp tube (See products)

The crimp tube connector is a crimp bead shaped as a tube that has a welded loop. This connector is mainly used with Tigertail but can also be used with cords or any other flexible material. Insert the string or strings in the tube (inferior portion only) and crush the tube, just as it would be done for a regular crimp bead. The loop is used to bind the connector to the jewelry piece.

Multi-row (See products)

The multi-row connector is a hollow metal tube is notched on one side and comes with a lid and an loop. It is a finishing connector, very useful to group rows of string, ribbon or cord. Just add strings or cords of a stopping element (crimp beads or to its extremities and to insert these stopping elements in the connector by making them exceed from the sloth. Once the lid is closed, the strings, ribbons or cords can not leave. The loop is used to bind the connector to the piece of jewelry.

Wire guardian, Wire protector (See products)

COPPER

Copper is a reddish metal that is extremely malleable. It is also historically one of the most important metal. Many primitive civilizations around the world used it in their daily life. Copper is also one of the main metals used in alloys such as bronze, brass and sterling silver. Copper is a metal that oxidizes rapidly. When in contact with oxygen, it reacts to it and produces a thin layer of copper oxide on its surface. Unlike the iron based metals, the oxidization of copper actually protects it from corrosion. However, this greenish oxidized layer can also leave traces when in contact with skin. Some copper strings are covered with a colorful coating that protects the skin, which allows for the jewelry pieces made of copper to be worn. The down side is that this coating is very fragile and can thus be damaged when using pliers. To circumvent this weakness, some copper strings are silver plated before being wrapped in nylon. The strings are then more resistant to dents created by pliers and their colors are more vibrant. Copper strings are available in various gauges for different purposes: crochet, wrapping, pendant, embroidery, etc.
Gauge Suggestions
28 Spool knitting, embroidery, delicate decoration, fine weaving, crochet
24 Bead wrapping, double-eye pin, double-eye charm, delicate decoration
22 Bead wrapping, eye pin, charm, delicate decoration, bead cage
20 Bead wrapping, eye pin, charm, delicate decoration, ring form, sculpted decoration, earring hook, bead cage
18 Bead wrapping, eye pin, charm, ring form, sculpted decoration, earring hook, bead cage, clasp
16 Sculpted decoration, ring, bracelet, earring, pendant and necklace form, bead cage, clasp
14 Sculpted decoration, ring, bracelet, earring, pendant and necklace form, clasp
12 Sculpted decoration, ring, bracelet, earring, pendant and necklace form, clasp
10 Sculpted decoration, bracelet, pendant and necklace form

CORAL (See products)

Coral is a microscopic animal which, throughout his life builds its shell out of limestone, calcium carbonate. When corals gather in great numbers (millions) they form coral reefs. The red coral as well as the black coral are the most sought varieties of corals in the jewelry making industry. The red corals are classified by the intensity of their shade of red. The black coral is now an endangered specie and thus protected by law. The pink coral also prized, is known as angel skin. This white coral is very sought although only when of the purest white shade. The alternative to the red coral is the bamboo coral. Its lighter and less costly than the red coral. The bamboo coral’s name comes from it’s bony tree branch-like shape that resembles a bamboo plant. It starts off with a whitish shade but cant easily be dyed. As this coral abounds, it is not an endangered specie. The sponge coral is also an alternative to the red and bamboo coral. This coral’s aspect is a cross between an algae and a mushroom, because of its sponginess, thus the name “sponge”. It has a rough texture however it can easily be polished and dyed.

CORD (See products)

A cord is made from mounting twisted or braided wires together which allows it to be more resistant. In jewelry making, cords can be made of various materials.

hemp (See products)

Hemp is a plant of the cannabis family its stem provides fabric fibers. In the fashion jewelry making industry, hemp designate cords made of textile fibers that were removed from the plant wich have the same name. It is used to thread, braid, macrame etc. It has a very natural aspect.

Imitation silk (See products)

The imitation silk cord has a shiny and silky aspect. It is a very flexible cord, ideal to macrame (Shamballa bracelet). It is available in several colors. It can also be used for threading, braiding, knotting, etc. Since the ends of the cord can fray, we suggest burning the extremities or dipping them in clear fast-setting liquid glue to facilitate the stringing process.

Leather (See products)

The leather cord is varnished and covered with a metallic finish. It can be braided, tied or used to string or as a necklace or bracelet base

Rattail (See products)

Made with terylene (polyester), this cord has a shiny and silky aspect. It can be used to make Chinese or Celt knots, it can also be used to braid, knot or thread, etc. This cord is available in several colors and in different sizes. It can also be used for threading, braiding, knotting, etc. Because the ends of this cord can fray, we suggest burning the extremities or dipping them in clear fast-setting liquid glue to facilitate the stringing process.

Terylene (See products)

The terylene cord is available in several colors. It can be braided, knotted, it can be used for macrame, with dollies or used with the Kumihimi disk etc. Because the ends of this cord can fray, we suggest burning the extremities or dipping them in clear fast-setting liquid glue to facilitate the stringing process.

Waxed cotton (See products)

The waxed cotton has been waxed to offer a better durability. This cord is available in several sizes and colors. It can be braided, tied, used to macrame, braided with the Kumihimo disk, etc. As its ends can frill, it is recommended to slightly burn the tip to merge the strings together or to dip the ends in clear fast-setting liquid glue to ease the stringing process.

COVER CRIMP (See products)

In the finding’s family, cover crimp look like round metal beads with an open side. They are used to conceal crimp beads and thus, they give a more professional finish to jewel creations. The slit allows the wire and the crimp bead to be nested in the cover crimp. Once both wire and bead are well positioned within it, the cover crimp can be gently closed with pliers to form a well-rounded ball. The cover crimp is available in different sizes and different metal finishes.

CRIMPS (See products)

Crimp beads are small metal balls meant to be crushed on a steel wire coated with nylon (Tigertail). As their metal walls are very thin, they are easily crushed and they fix themselves to the nylon coating that surrounds the wire. Thus, they do not move and can block beads or be used to as a finishing touch to a jewel by linking wires together. It is possible to create spaces between beads using the crimp beads. Crimp beads on the market range from 1 mm to 3 mm in diameter. There are also tubes available and several decorative beads that can be crushed. There are two ways to crush the beads. The first one is to use flate pliers. However, this gives a rectangular shape to the beads, which may irritate the skin when the jewel is worn. The ideal technique is to use the specifically designed pliers for crimp beads. With this tool, the bead will be crushed twice for a discrete, sturdier result that is more pleasant to the touch.

CROCHET

Tool used to make stitches, mainly used for the technique that bears the same name. This tool is similar to a needle, but has an extremity shaped as a hook, which allows it to hold strings. Crochet needle come in various sizes. They can be used with many different types of cords or strings such as copper, cotton, hemp, ribbons and wool strings. It is also possible to add beads to your project using this tool.

CROSS-LOCK TWEEZERS

Long tweezers with pointy arms. They are mainly used to take hold of objects. The tweezers’ reversed pressure enables them to hold objects without having to exert any type of pressure or even hold it in our hands. Thus, it’s useful when trying to keep together elements that are going to be glued together, when welding (jewelery) and when picking up small objects such as rings, strings or when dislodging a string stuck in a weaving piece.

CRYSTAL (See products)

Crystals are a type of glass that has a high concentration of lead (at least 24% of lead oxide is added to glass). Not only does lead add a touch of shine to the glass but it also allows for it to be cut much more easily. There are different types of crystal and they range in quality. Stellaris crystals offer a vast array of quality products. Its main advantage over the Swarovski crystals, is its excellent quality/price ratio. Indeed, it is possible to have about three times more Stellaris crystals, for a comparable price. The reason is quite simple, made in Canada and presently manufactured in China, this brand of crystals is developed and exclusively distributed by Club Bead Plus. The Austrian Swarovski crystal is recognized as being of the highest quality. Its neat facets and its perfect calibration provide it with the highest shine, making it very popular. This crystal is made with a glass that has a very strong amount of lead (32%), which eases the cut and the cold polishing and allows to maximize the crystal’s refraction. It is the Swarovski’s house that with designer Christian Dior, invented the AB (Aurora Borealis) coating, nowadays very popular. This coating has yellow highlights with a touch of pink and blue on some crystals surfaces. Other types of crystals are also available on the market.

CUBIC ZIRCONIA

Synthetic zirconia or cubic zirconia is used as a substitute for diamond. It is an yttriferous zirconium oxide that was developed in 1977.